Archive for September, 2010

Never Forget….

Posted in Uncategorized on September 5, 2010 by ahlamhelwa

“Everyone has the right to freedom of opinion and expression; this right includes freedom to hold opinions without interference and to seek, receive and impart information and ideas through any media and regardless of frontiers.” ARTICLE 19. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights, adopted by the United Nations General Assembly on December 10, 1948, in Paris.

Izreals violations of international laws

Posted in Uncategorized on September 5, 2010 by ahlamhelwa

A lot of the territory claimed by Israel is occupied territory. The 4th Geneva 1949 and the Hague Regulations of 1907, forbid occupiers of altering the way of life of the people and from settling in the occupied country. Izrael’s expulsion of Palestinians form their homes and properties and it resettlement of Jews in the occupied territories over the past 62 years are abhorrent violations of international law.

A partial list of resolutions condemning Israel

Resolution 42: The Palestine Question (5 March 1948) Requests recommendations for the Palestine Commission
Resolution 43: The Palestine Question (1 Apr 1948) Recognizes “increasing violence and disorder in Palestine” and requests that representatives of “the Jewish Agency for Palestine and the Arab Higher Committee” arrange, with the Security Council, “a truce between the Arab and Jewish Communities of Palestine…Calls upon Arab and Jewish armed groups in Palestine to cease acts of violence immediately.”
Resolution 44: The Palestine Question (1 Apr 1948) Requests convocation of special session of the General Assembly
Resolution 46: The Palestine Question (17 Apr 1948) As the United Kingdom is the Mandatory Power, “it is responsible for the maintenance of peace and order in Palestine.” The Resolutions also “Calls upon all persons and organizations in Palestine” to stop importing “armed bands and fighting personnel…whatever their origin;…weapons and war materials;…Refrain, pending the future government of Palestine…from any political activity which might prejudice the rights, claims, or position of either community;…refrain from any action which will endager the safety of the Holy Places in Palestine.”
Resolution 89 (17 November 1950): regarding Armistice in
1948 Arab-Israeli War and “transfer of persons”.
Resolution 106: The Palestine Question (29 Mar 1955) ‘condemns’ Israel for Gaza raid.
Resolution 111: The Palestine Question (January 19, 1956) ” … ‘condemns’ Israel for raid on Syria that killed fifty-six people”.
Resolution 127: The Palestine Question (January 22, 1958) ” … ‘recommends’ Israel suspends its ‘no-man’s zone’ in Jerusalem”.
Resolution 138: (June 23, 1960) Question relating to the case of Adolf Eichmann, concerning Argentine complaint that Israel breached its sovereignty.
Resolution 162: The Palestine Question (April 11, 1961) ” … ‘urges’ Israel to comply with UN decisions”.
Resolution 171: The Palestine Question (April 9, 1962) ” … determines flagrant violations’ by Israel in its attack on Syria”
. Resolution 228: The Palestine Question (November 25, 1966) ” … ‘censures’ Israel for its attack on Samu in the West Bank, then under Jordanian control”.
Resolution 233 Six Day War (June 6, 1967)
Resolution 234 Six Day War (June 7, 1967)
Resolution 235 Six Day War (June 9, 1967)
Resolution 236 Six Day War (June 11, 1967)
Resolution 237: Six Day War June 14, 1967) ” … ‘urges’ Israel to allow return of new 1967 Palestinian refugees”.
Resolution 240 (October 25, 1967): concerning violations of the cease-fire
Resolution 242 (November 22, 1967): Termination of all claims or states of belligerency and respect for and acknowledgment of the sovereignty, territorial integrity and political independence of every State in the area. Calls on Israel’s neighbors to end the state of belligerency and calls upon Israel to reciprocate by withdraw its forces from land claimed by other parties in 1967 war. Interpreted commonly today as calling for the Land for peace principle as a way to resolve
Arab-Israeli conflict Resolution 248: (March 24, 1968) ” … ‘condemns’ Israel for its massive attack on Karameh in Jordan”.
Resolution 250: (April 27) ” … ‘calls’ on Israel to refrain from holding military parade in Jerusalem”.
Resolution 251: (May 2) ” … ‘deeply deplores’ Israeli military parade in Jerusalem in defiance of Resolution 250″.
Resolution 252: (May 21) ” … ‘declares invalid’ Israel’s acts to unify Jerusalem as Jewish capital”.
Resolution 256: (August 16) ” … ‘condemns’ Israeli raids on Jordan as ‘flagrant violation”.
Resolution 259: (September 27) ” … ‘deplores’ Israel’s refusal to accept UN mission to probe occupation”.
Resolution 262: (December 31) ” … ‘condemns’ Israel for attack on Beirut airport”. Resolution 265: (April 1, 1969) ” … ‘condemns’ Israel for air attacks on Salt, Jordan”. Resolution 267: (July 3) ” … ‘censures’ Israel for administrative acts to change the status of Jerusalem”.
Resolution 270: (August 26) ” … ‘condemns’ Israel for air attacks on villages in southern Lebanon”.
Resolution 271: (September 15) ” … ‘condemns’ Israel’s failure to obey UN resolutions on Jerusalem”.
Resolution 279: (May 12, 1970) “Demands the immediate withdrawal of all Israeli armed forces from Lebanese territory.”(full text)
Resolution 280: (May 19) ” … ‘condemns’ Israeli’s attacks against Lebanon”. Resolution 285: (September 5) ” … ‘demands’ immediate Israeli withdrawal form Lebanon”.
Resolution 298: (September 25, 1971) ” … ‘deplores’ Israel’s changing of the status of Jerusalem”.
Resolution 313: (February 28, 1972) ” … ‘demands’ that Israel stop attacks against Lebanon”.
Resolution 316: (June 26) ” … ‘condemns’ Israel for repeated attacks on Lebanon”. Resolution 317: (July 21) ” … ‘deplores’ Israel’s refusal to release Arabs abducted in Lebanon”.
Resolution 332: (April 21) ” … ‘condemns’ Israel’s repeated attacks against Lebanon”. Resolution 337: (August 15) ” … ‘condemns’ Israel for violating Lebanon’s sovereignty and territorial integrity and for the forcible diversion and seizure of a Lebanese airliner from Lebanon’s air space”.
Resolution 338 (22 October 1973): ” …’calls’ for a cease fire” in Yom Kippur War and “the implementation of Security Council Resolution 242 (1967) in all of its parts”, and “Decides that, immediately and concurrently with the cease-fire, negotiations shall start between the parties concerned under appropriate auspices aimed at establishing a just and durable peace in the Middle East.”
Resolution 339 (23 October 1973): Confirms Res. 338, dispatch UN observers. Resolution 340 (25 October): “Demands that immediate and complete cease-fire be observed, per 338 and 339, and requests to increase the number of United Nations military observers
Resolution 341 (27 October): “Approves the report on the implementation resolution 340
Resolution 347: (April 24)” … ‘condemns’ Israeli attacks on Lebanon”.
Resolution 350 (31 May 1974) established the United Nations Disengagement Observer Force, to monitor the ceasefire between Israel and Syria in the wake of the Yom Kippur War.
Resolution 362 (October 23) decides to extend the mandate of the United Nations Emergency Force for another six months
Resolution 363 (November 29), regarding the United Nations Disengagement Observer Force
Resolution 425 (1978): ” … ‘calls’ on Israel to withdraw its forces from Lebanon”. Israel’s withdrawal from Lebanon was completed by 16 June 2000.
Resolution 426 Resolution 427: ” … ‘calls’ on Israel to complete its withdrawal from Lebanon”.
Resolution 444: ” … ‘deplores’ Israel’s lack of cooperation with UN peacekeeping forces”
. Resolution 446 (1979): ‘determines’ that Israeli settlements are a ‘serious obstruction’ to peace and calls on Israel to abide by the Fourth Geneva Convention”.
Resolution 449 Resolution 450: ” … ‘calls’ on Israel to stop attacking Lebanon”. Resolution 452: ” … ‘calls’ on Israel to cease building settlements in occupied territories”
Resolution 465: ” … ‘deplores’ Israel’s settlements and asks all member states not to assist Israel’s settlements program”.
Resolution 467: ” … ‘strongly deplores’ Israel’s military intervention in Lebanon”. Resolution 468: ” … ‘calls’ on Israel to rescind illegal expulsions of two Palestinian mayors and a judge and to facilitate their return”.
Resolution 469: ” … ‘strongly deplores’ Israel’s failure to observe the council’s order not to deport Palestinians”.
Resolution 471: ” … ‘expresses deep concern’ at Israel’s failure to abide by the Fourth Geneva Convention”.
Resolution 476: ” … ‘reiterates’ that Israel’s claim to Jerusalem are ‘null and void'”. Resolution 478 (20 August 1980): ‘censures (Israel) in the strongest terms’ for its claim to Jerusalem in its ‘Basic Law’.
Resolution 484: ” … ‘declares it imperative’ that Israel re-admit two deported Palestinian mayors”.
Resolution 487: ” … ‘strongly condemns’ Israel for its attack on Iraq’s nuclear facility”. Resolution 497 (17 December 1981) decides that Israel’s annexation of Syria’s Golan Heights is ‘null and void’ and demands that Israel rescinds its decision forthwith. Resolution 498: ” … ‘calls’ on Israel to withdraw from Lebanon”.
Resolution 501: ” … ‘calls’ on Israel to stop attacks against Lebanon and withdraw its troops”.
Resolution 509: ” … ‘demands’ that Israel withdraw its forces forthwith and unconditionally from Lebanon”.
Resolution 515: ” … ‘demands’ that Israel lift its siege of Beirut and allow food supplies to be brought in”.
Resolution 517: ” … ‘censures’ Israel for failing to obey UN resolutions and demands that Israel withdraw its forces from Lebanon”.
Resolution 518: ” … ‘demands’ that Israel cooperate fully with UN forces in Lebanon”. Resolution 520: ” … ‘condemns’ Israel’s attack into West Beirut”.
Resolution 573: ” … ‘condemns’ Israel ‘vigorously’ for bombing Tunisia in attack on PLO headquarters
. Resolution 587 ” … ‘takes note’ of previous calls on Israel to withdraw its forces from Lebanon and urges all parties to withdraw”.
Resolution 592: ” … ‘strongly deplores’ the killing of Palestinian students at Bir Zeit University by Israeli troops”.
Resolution 605: ” … ‘strongly deplores’ Israel’s policies and practices denying the human rights of Palestinians.
Resolution 607: ” … ‘calls’ on Israel not to deport Palestinians and strongly requests it to abide by the Fourth Geneva Convention.
Resolution 608: ” … ‘deeply regrets’ that Israel has defied the United Nations and deported Palestinian civilians”.
Resolution 636: ” … ‘deeply regrets’ Israeli deportation of Palestinian civilians. Resolution 641 (30 Aug 1989): ” … ‘deplores’ Israel’s continuing deportation of Palestinians.
Resolution 648 (31 Jan 1990)[1] The Security Council extends the mandate of the UN Interim Force in Lebanon until July 31, 1990.
Resolution 672 (12 Oct 1990): ” … ‘condemns’ Israel for “violence against Palestinians” at the Haram al-Sharif/Temple Mount.
Resolution 673 (24 Oct 1990): ” … ‘deplores’ Israel’s refusal to cooperate with the United Nations.
Resolution 681 (20 Dec 1990): ” … ‘deplores’ Israel’s resumption of the deportation of Palestinians.
Resolution 694 (24 May 1991): ” … ‘deplores’ Israel’s deportation of Palestinians and calls on it to ensure their safe and immediate return
Resolution 726 (06 Jan 1992): ” … ‘strongly condemns’ Israel’s deportation of Palestinians.
Resolution 799 (18 Dec 1992): “. . . ‘strongly condemns’ Israel’s deportation of 413 Palestinians and calls for their immediate return.
Resolution 904 (18 Mar 1994): Cave of the Patriarchs massacre.
Resolution 938 (28 Jul 1994): extends mandate of the United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon until January 31, 1995.
Resolution 1397 (12 Mar 2002) the first resolution to explicitly call for a two-state solution
Resolution 1435 (24 Sep 2002) called for an end to Israeli measures in and around Ramallah.
Resolution 1559 (2 September 2004) called upon Lebanon to establish its sovereignty over all of its land and called upon Syria to end their military presence in Lebanon by withdrawing its forces and to cease intervening in internal Lebanese politics. The resolution also called on all Lebanese militias to disband.
Resolution 1583 (28 January 2005) calls on Lebanon to assert full control over its border with Israel. It also states that “the Council has recognized the Blue Line as valid for the purpose of confirming Israel’s withdrawal pursuant to resolution 425. Resolution 1648 (21 December 2005) renewed the mandate of United Nations Disengagement Observer Force until 30 June 2006.
Resolution 1701 (11 August 2006) called for the full cessation of hostilities between Israel and Hezbollah. Resolution 1860 (9 January 2009) called for the full cessation of war between Israel and Hamas.